行業知識

SCAC Code See Owner Code.

 

Sea Waybill Document indicating the goods were loaded onboard when a document of title (b/L) is not needed. Typically used when a company is shipping goods to itself.

 

Service Contract As provided in the Shipping Act of 1984, a contract between a shipper (or a shippers association) and an ocean common carrier (or conference) in which the shipper makes a commitment to provide a certain minimum quantity of cargo or freight revenue over a fixed time period, and the ocean common carrier or conference commits to a certain rate or rate schedule as well as a defined service level (such as assured space, transit time, port rotation or similar service features). The contract may also specify provisions in the event of nonperformance on the part of either party.

 

Ship Demurrage A charge for delaying a steamer beyond a stipulated period.

 

Shipment The tender of one lot of cargo at one time from one shipper to one consignee on one bill of lading.

 

Ship Types

 

Barge Carriers: Ships designed to carry barges; some are fitted to act as full containerships and can carry a varying number of barges and containers at the same time. At present this class includes two types of vessels LASH and Sea-Bee.

 

Bulk Carriers: All vessels designed to carry bulk homogeneous cargo without mark and count such as grain, fertilizers, ore, and oil.

 

Combination Passenger and Cargo Vessels: Ships with a capacity for 13 or more passengers and any form of cargo or freight.

 

Freighters: Breakbulk vessels both refrigerated and unrefrigerated, containerships, partial containerships, roll-on/roll-off vessels, and barge carriers. A general cargo vessel designed to carry heterogeneous mark and count cargoes.

 

Full Containerships: Ships equipped with permanent container cells, with little or no space for other types of cargo.

 

Roll-on/Roll-off vessels: Ships specially designed to carry wheeled containers or trailers using interior ramps. Includes all forms of car and truck carriers.

 

Shipper The person or company who is usually the supplier or owner of commodities shipped. Also called Consignor.

 

Shippers Association A non-profit entity that represents the interests of a number of shippers. The main focus of shippers associations is to pool the cargo volumes of members to leverage the most favorable service contract rate levels.

 

Shipper's Instructions Shipper's communication(s) to its agent and/or directly to the international water-carrier. Instructions may be varied, e.g., specific details/clauses to be printed on the B/L, directions for cargo pickup and delivery.

 

Shipper's Letter of Instructions for issuing an Air Waybill The document required by the carrier or freight forwarders to obtain (besides the data needed) authorization to issue and sign the air waybill in the name of the shipper.

 

Shipper's Load & Count (SL&C) Shipments loaded and sealed by shippers and not checked or verified by the carriers.

 

Shipping Order Shipper's instructions to carrier for forwarding goods; usually the triplicate copy of the bill of lading.

 

Ships

 

Full Containerships: Ships equipped with permanent container cells, with little or no space for other types of cargo.

 

Partial Containerships: Multipurpose containerships where one or more but not all compartments are fitted with permanent container cells. Remaining compartments are used for other types of cargo.

 

Roll-on/Roll-off vessels: Ships specially designed to carry wheeled containers or trailers using interior ramps.

 

Short Ton (ST) A weight unit of measure equal to 2,000 pounds.

 

Skids Battens, or a series of parallel runners, fitted beneath boxes or packages to raise them clear of the floor to permit easy access of forklift blades or other handling equipment.

 

Stacktrain A rail service whereby rail cars carry containers stacked two high on specially operated unit trains. Each train includes up to 35 articulated multi-platform cars. Each car is comprised of 5 well-type platforms upon which containers can be stacked. No chassis accompany containers.

 

Steamship Conference A group of vessel operators joined together for the purpose of establishing freight rates.

 

Steamship Guarantee An indemnity issued to the carrier by a bank; protects the carrier against any possible losses or damages arising from release of the merchandise to the receiving party. This instrument is usually issued when the bill of lading is lost or is not available.

 

Stowage A marine term referring to loading freight into ships' holds.

 

STC Said to contain.

 

Straight Bill of Lading A non-negotiable bill of lading which states a specific identity to whom the goods should be delivered. See Bill of Lading.

 

Stripping Removing cargo from a container (devanning).

 

Stuffing Putting cargo into a container.

 

Subrogate To put in place of another; i.e., when an insurance company pays a claim it is placed in the same position as the payee with regard to any rights against others.

 

Surcharge An extra or additional charge