行業知識

Ramp Railroad terminal where containers are received or delivered and trains loaded or discharged. Originally, trailers moved onto the rearmost flatcar via a ramp and driven into position in a technique known as "circus loading." Most modern rail facilities use lifting equipment to position containers onto the flatcars.

 

Ramp-to-Door A movement where the load initiates at an origin rail ramp and terminates at a consignee's door.

 

Ramp-to-Ramp A movement of equipment from an origin rail ramp to a destination rail ramp only.

 

Rate Basis A formula of the specific factors or elements that control the making of a rate. A rate can be based on any number of factors (i.e., weight, measure, equipment type, package, box, etc.).

 

Red Label A label required on shipments of flammable articles.

 

Reefer Refrigerated container.

 

Revenue Ton (RT) A ton on which the shipment is freighted. If cargo is rated as weight or measure (W/M), whichever produces the highest revenue will be considered the revenue ton.Weights are based on metric tons and measures are based on cubic meters.RT=1 MT or 1 CBM.

 

Reverse IPI An inland point provided by an all-water carrier's through bill of lading in the U.S. by first discharging the container in an East Coast port.

 

"Ro/Ro" A shortening of the term, "Roll On/Roll Off." A method of ocean cargo service using a vessel with ramps which allows wheeled vehicles to be loaded and discharged without cranes. Also refers to any specialized vessel designed to carry Ro/Ro cargo.

 

Roll To re-book cargo to a later vessel.