行業知識

Packing List Itemized list of commodities with marks/numbers but no cost values indicated.

 

Pallet A platform with or without sides, on which a number of packages or pieces may be loaded to facilitate handling by a lift truck.

 

Paper Rate A published rate that is never assessed because no freight moves under it.

 

Partial Shipments Under letters of credit, one or more shipments are allowed by the phrase "partial shipments permitted."

 

Per Diem A charge, based on a fixed daily rate.

 

Pickup The act of calling for freight by truck at the consignor's shipping platform.

 

Pier The structure perpendicular to the shoreline to which a vessel is secured for the purpose of loading and unloading cargo.

 

Pier-to-House A shipment loaded into a container at the pier or terminal, thence to the consignee's facility.

 

Pier-to-Pier Containers loaded at port of loading and discharged at port of destination.

 

Place of Delivery Place where cargo leaves the care and custody of carrier.

 

Place of Receipt Location where cargo enters the care and custody of carrier.

 

POD Abbreviation for: -Port of Discharge. -Port of Destination. -Proof of Delivery. A document required from the carrier or driver for proper payment.

 

Point of Origin The place at which a shipment is received by a carrier from the shipper.

 

POL Abbreviation for: -Port of Loading. -Petroleum, Oil, and Lubricants.

 

Port -Harbor with piers or docks. -Left side of a ship when facing forward. -Opening in a ship's side for handling freight.

 

Port of Call Port where a ship discharges or receives traffic.

 

Port of Entry Port where cargo is unloaded and enters a country.

 

Pre-cooling A process employed in the shipment of citrus fruits and other perishable commodities. The fruit is packed and placed in a cold room from which the heat is gradually extracted. The boxes of fruit are packed in containers that have been thoroughly cooled and transported through to destination without opening the doors.

 

Prepaid (Ppd.) Freight charges paid by the consignor (shipper) prior to the release of the bills of lading by the carrier.

 

Pro Forma A Latin term meaning "For the sake of form."

 

Pro Forma Invoice An invoice provided by a supplier prior to the shipment of merchandise, informing the buyer of the kinds and quantities of goods to be sent, their value, and specifications (weight, size, etc.).

 

Pro Rata A Latin term meaning "In proportion."