行業知識

Ocean Bill of Lading (Ocean B/L) A contract for transportation between a shipper and a carrier. It also evidences receipt of the cargo by the carrier. A bill of lading shows ownership of the cargo and, if made negotiable, can be bought, sold or traded while the goods are in-transit.

 

OCP See Overland Common Points.

 

On Board A notation on a bill of lading that cargo has been loaded on board a vessel. Used to satisfy the requirements of a letter of credit, in the absence of an express requirement to the contrary.

 

On Deck A notation on a bill of lading that the cargo has been stowed on the open deck of the ship.

 

Open Account A trade arrangement in which goods are shipped to a foreign buyer without guarantee of payment.

 

Open Top Container A container fitted with a solid removable roof, or with a tarpaulin roof so the container can be loaded or unloaded from the top.

 

Origin Location where shipment begins its movement.

 

Original Bill of Lading (OBL) A document which requires proper signatures for consummating carriage of contract. Must be marked as "original" by the issuing carrier.

 

Overcharge To charge more than the proper amount according to the published rates.

 

Overheight Cargo Cargo more than eight feet high which thus cannot fit into a standard container.

 

Overland Common Point (OCP) A term stated on the bills of lading offering lower shipping rates to importers east of the Rockies, provided merchandise from the Far East comes in through the West Coast ports. OCP rates were established by U.S. West Coast steamship companies in conjunction with western railroads so that cargo originating or destined for the American Midwest and East would be competitive with all-water rates via the U.S. Atlantic and Gulf ports. Applies to eastern Canada.

 

Owner Code (SCAC) Standard Carrier Abbreviation Code identifying an individual common carrier. A three letter carrier code followed by a suffix identifies the carrier's equipment. A suffix of "U" is a container and "C" is a chassis.