Glossary

Abandon A proceeding wherein a shipper/consignee seeks authority to abandon all or parts of their cargo.

 

ABI U.S. Customs' "Automated Broker Interface," by which brokers file importers' entries electronically.

 

Aboard Referring to cargo being put, or laden, onto a means of conveyance.

 

Accessorial Charges Charges that are applied to the base tariff rate or base contract rate, e.g., bunkers, container, currency, destination/delivery.

 

Act of God An act beyond human control, such as lightning, flood or earthquake.

 

Ad Valorem A term from Latin meaning, "according to value." Import duty applied as a percentage of the cargo's dutiable value.

 

Advanced Charge Transportation charge advanced by one carrier to another to be collected by the later carrier from the consignor or consignee.

 

Affreightment, Contract of An agreement by an ocean carrier to provide cargo space on a vessel at a specified time and for a specified price to accommodate an exporter or importer.

 

Air Waybill The forwarding agreement or carrying agreement between shipper and air carrier and is issued only in nonnegotiable form.

 

All In The total price to move cargo from origin to destination, inclusive of all charges.

 

Alongside A phrase referring to the side of a ship. Goods delivered "alongside" are to be placed on the dock or barge within reach of the transport ship's tackle so that they can be loaded.

 

Alternative Rates Privilege to use the rate producing the lowest charge.

 

American Bureau of Shipping U.S. classification society which certifies seagoing vessels for compliance to standardized rules regarding construction and maintenance.

 

AMS The U.S. Customs' "Automated Manifest System."

 

Any Quantity (A.Q.) Usually refers to a rating that applies to an article regardless of size or quantity.

 

Arbitrary A stated amount over a fixed rate to one point to make a rate to another point.

 

Arrival Notice A notification by carrier of ship's arrival to the consignee, the "Notify Party," and - when applicable -the "Also Notify Party." These parties in interest are listed in blocks 3, 4 and 10, respectively, of the Bill of Lading.