行業知識

I/A Abbreviation for "Independent Action." The right of a conference member to publish a rate of tariff rule that departs from the Agreement's common rate or rule.

 

I.M.C.O. International Maritime Consultative Organization. A forum in which most major maritime nations participate and through which recommendations for the carriage of dangerous goods, bulk commodities, and maritime regulations become internationally acceptable.

 

I.M.D.G. Code International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code. The regulations published by the IMO for transporting hazardous materials internationally.

 

Immediate Exportation An entry that allows foreign merchandise arriving at one port to be exported from the same port without the payment of duty.

 

Import License A document required and issued by some national governments authorizing the importation of goods.

 

In Bond Cargo moving under Customs control where duty has not yet been paid.

 

In-Transit Entry (I.T.) Allows foreign merchandise arriving at one port to be transported in bond to another port, where a superseding entry is filed.

 

Incentive Rate A lower-than-usual tariff rate assessed because a shipper offers a greater volume than specified in the tariff. The incentive rate is assessed for that portion exceeding the normal volume.

 

Inspection Certificate A certificate issued by an independent agent or firm attesting to the quality and/or quantity of the merchandise being shipped. Such a certificate is usually required in a letter of credit for commodity shipments.

 

Insulated Container A container insulated on the walls, roof, floor, and doors, to reduce the effect of external temperatures on the cargo.

 

Insurance, All-risk This type of insurance offers the shipper the broadest coverage available, covering against all losses that may occur in transit.

 

Interchange Point A location where one carrier delivers freight to another carrier.

 

Intermodal Used to denote movements of cargo containers interchangeably between transport modes, i.e., motor, rail, water, and air carriers, and where the equipment is compatible within the multiple systems.

 

International Ship and Port Security Code (ISPS) It is an amendment to the Safety of Life at Sea (SOLAS) Convention (1974/1988) on minimum security arrangements for ships, ports and government agencies. Having come into force in 2004, it prescribes responsibilities to governments, shipping companies, shipboard personnel, and port/facility personnel to "detect security threats and take preventative measures against security incidents affecting ships or port facilities used in international trade."

 

In-Transit Entry (I.T.) Allows foreign merchandise arriving at one port to be transported in bond to another port, where a superseding entry is filed.

 

Invoice An itemized list of goods shipped to a buyer, stating quantities, prices, shipping charges, etc.

 

IPI Abbreviation for "Inland Point Intermodal." Refers to inland points (non-ports) that can be served by carriers on a through bill of lading.

 

I.T. Abbreviation for "Immediate Transport." The document (prepared by the carrier) allows shipment to proceed from the port of entry in the U.S. to Customs clearing at the destination. The shipment clears Customs at its final destination. Also called an "In-Transit" Entry.