行業知識

FAK Abbreviation for "Freight All Kinds." Usually refers to full container loads of mixed shipments.

 

FCL Abbreviation for "Full Container Load."

 

FD Abbreviation for "Free Discharge."

 

F.D.A. Food and Drug Administration.

 

Feeder Service Cargo to/from regional ports are transferred to/from a central hub port for a long-haul ocean voyage.

 

Feeder Vessel A short-sea vessel which transfers cargo between a central "hub" port and smaller "spoke" ports.

 

FEU Abbreviation for "Forty-Foot Equivalent Units." Refers to container size standard of 40 feet. Two 20–foot containers or TEU's equal one FEU.

 

FIO See Free In and Out.

 

Flat Car A rail car without a roof and walls.

 

Flat Rack/Flat Bed Container A container with no sides and frame members at the front and rear. Container can be loaded from the sides and top.

 

FMC (F.M.C.) Federal Maritime Commission. The U.S. Governmental regulatory body responsible for administering maritime affairs including the tariff system, freight forwarder licensing, enforcing the conditions of the Shipping Act and approving conference or other carrier agreements.

 

FOB See Free On Board. See also Terms of Sale, FOB.

 

Force Majeure The title of a common clause in contracts, exempting the parties for non-fulfillment of their obligations as a result of conditions beyond their control, such as earthquakes, floods or war.

 

Foreign Trade Zone A free port in a country divorced from Customs authority but under government control. Merchandise, except that which is prohibited, may be stored in the zone without being subject to import duty regulations.

 

Fork Lift A machine used to pick up and move goods loaded on pallets or skids.

 

Foul Bill of Lading A receipt for goods issued by a carrier with an indication that the goods were damaged when received. Compare Clean Bill of Lading.

 

Free Alongside (FAS) The seller must deliver the goods to a pier and place them within reach of the ship's loading equipment. See Terms of Sale.

 

Free Carrier (FCA) An Incoterm of sale meaning the seller has delivered when the cargo is given to the carrier nominated by the buyer at the named place.

 

Free In and Out (FIO) Cost of loading and unloading a vessel is borne by the charterer/shipper.

 

Free on Board (FOB - U.S. Domestic Use) Shipped under a rate that includes costs of delivery to and the loading onto a carrier at a specified point.

 

FOB Freight Allowed: The same as FOB named inland carrier, except the buyer pays the transportation charge and the seller reduces the invoice by a like amount.

 

FOB Freight Prepaid: The same as FOB named inland carrier, except the seller pays the freight charges of the inland carrier.

 

FOB Named Point of Exportation: Seller is responsible for the cost of placing the goods at a named point of exportation. Some European buyers use this form when they actually mean FOB vessel.

 

FOB Vessel: Seller is responsible for goods and preparation of export documentation until actually placed aboard the vessel.

 

Free on Board (Int'l Use) See Terms of Sale.

 

Free Port A restricted area at a seaport for the handling of duty-exempted import goods. Also called a Foreign Trade Zone.

 

Free Time That amount of time that a carrier's equipment may be used without incurring additional charges. (See Storage, Demurrage or Per Diem.)

 

Freight Refers to either the cargo carried or the charges assessed for carriage of the cargo.

 

Freight Bill A document issued by the carrier based on the bill of lading and other information; used to account for a shipment operationally, statistically, and financially. An Invoice.

 

Freight Forwarder A person whose business is to act as an agent on behalf of the shipper. A freight forwarder frequently makes the booking reservation. In the United States, freight forwarders are now licensed by the FMC as "Ocean Intermediaries."