行業知識

D&H Abbreviation for "Dangerous and Hazardous" cargo.

 

D.B.A. Abbreviation for "Doing Business As." A legal term for conducting business under a registered name.

 

DDC Abbreviation for "Destination Delivery Charge." A charge, based on container size, that is applied in many tariffs to cargo. This charge is considered accessorial and is added to the base ocean freight. This charge covers crane lifts off the vessel, drayage of the container within the terminal and gate fees at the terminal operation.

 

Deadweight Cargo A long ton of cargo that can be stowed in less than 40 cubic feet.

 

Deadweight Tonnage (DWT) The number of tons of 2,240 pounds that a vessel can transport of cargo, stores and bunker fuel. It is the difference between the number of tons of water a vessel displaces "light" and the number of tons it displaces when submerged to the "load line." An approximate conversion ratio is 1NT = 1.7GT and 1GT = 1.5DWT.

 

Delivery Instructions Order to pick up goods at a named place and deliver them to a pier. Usually issued by exporter to trucker but may apply to a railroad, which completes delivery by land. Use is limited to a few major U.S. ports. Also known as shipping delivery order.

 

Demurrage A penalty charge against shippers or consignees for delaying the carrier's equipment or vessel beyond the allowed free time. The free time and demurrage charges are set forth in the charter party or freight tariff. See also Detention and Per Diem.

 

Density The weight of cargo per cubic foot or other unit.

 

Depot, Container Container freight station or a designated area where empty containers can be picked up or dropped off.

 

Despatch An incentive payment paid by the vessel to the charterer for loading and unloading the cargo faster than agreed.Usually negotiated only in charter parties. Also called "dispatch."

 

Destination -The place to which a shipment is consigned. -The place where carrier actually turns over cargo to consignee or his agent.

 

Detention A penalty charge against shippers or consignees for delaying carrier's equipment beyond allowed time. Demurrage applies to cargo; detention applies to equipment. See Per Diem.

 

Devanning The unloading of a container or cargo van.

 

Dispatch See Despatch.

 

Diversion A change made either in the route of a shipment in transit (see Reconsignment) or of the entire ship.

 

Dock -For ships, a cargo handling area parallel to the shoreline where a vessel normally ties up. -For land transportation, a loading or unloading platform at an industrial location or carrier terminal.

 

Dock Receipt A form used to acknowledge receipt of cargo and often serves as basis for preparation of the ocean bill of lading.

 

Documents Against Acceptance (D/A) Instructions given by a shipper to a bank indicating that documents transferring title to goods should be delivered to the buyer only upon the buyer's acceptance of the attached draft.

 

Documents Against Payment (D/P) An indication on a draft that the documents attached are to be released to the drawee only on payment.

 

Door-to-Door Through transportation of a container and its contents from consignor to consignee. Also known as House to House. Not necessarily a through rate.

 

Draft -The number of feet that the hull of a ship is beneath the surface of the water. -An unconditional order in writing, addressed by one party (drawer) to another party (drawee), requiring the drawee to pay at a fixed or determinable future date a specified sum in lawful currency to the order of a specified person.

 

Drawback A partial refund of an import fee. Refund usually results because goods are re-exported from the country that collected the fee.

 

Drayage Charge made for local hauling by dray or truck. Same as Cartage.

 

DRFS Abbreviation for "Destination Rail Freight Station." Same as CFS at destination, except a DRFS is operated by the rail carrier participating in the shipment.

 

Dry Cargo Cargo that is not liquid and normally does not require temperature control.

 

Dry-Bulk Container A container constructed to carry grain, powder and other free-flowing solids in bulk. Used in conjunction with a tilt chassis or platform.

 

Dunnage Any material or objects utilized to protect cargo. Examples of dunnage are blocks, boards, burlap and paper.

 

Dutiable Value The amount on which an Ad Valorem or customs duty is calculated.